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This talk will put forward a thesis for the rise of populism in Europe and the United States through the study of the dynamics behind Brexit and the election of Donald Trump as US President. It will look at the economic dynamics produced by the development of smart machines and in particular their impact on how income is generated and distributed in advanced economies. The impact of technology on income distribution will be described as significant and as a breach of our social contract, as for the first time in the last century productivity and labour wages diverge in a meaningful and sustained manner. The talk will emphasize how this process has eroded the Western middle class over the last thirty years and how this development has affected political behaviour of large groups within the US and European countries. Finally, a set of possible solutions will be put forward.
**Manuel Muñiz** is the incoming Dean of the School of International Relations at IE University and the Founding Director of its Center for the Governance of Change, an institution dedicated to studying the challenges posed by accelerated societal and technological change to the public and private sectors and proposing solutions and frameworks to manage these challenges. Dr. Muñiz’s research interests fall within the fields of innovation and disruption, geopolitics, and regional and global governance. He has undertaken research on processes of cooperation and integration in Europe and the North Atlantic with a view to understanding how states tackle interdependence and complexity. Dr. Muñiz is also the Director of the Program on Transatlantic Relations at Harvard University’s Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, a position he will hold until the end of the 2016-2017 academic year. He is a local affiliate of the Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies and an elected member of the Alumni Board of Directors of the Kennedy School of Government, both at Harvard University. The Rafael del Pino Foundation, one of Spain’s leading philanthropic institutions dedicated to nurturing talent through education, created in 2017 a Chair in Global Leadership for Dr. Muniz and also appointed him Director of its Program on Leadership. Dr. Muniz’s work for the Foundation seeks to foster Spanish talent in the field of global affairs through the organization of high-level seminars at Harvard University and the University of Oxford, the arrangement of conferences and lectures in Spain as well as the awarding of fellowships for the funding of study and applied research. Dr. Muniz holds a JD (Law) from the Complutense University in Madrid, an MSc in Finance from the IEB, a Master in Public Administration from the Kennedy School of Government, and a DPhil (PhD) in International Relations from the University of Oxford. He is also a recipient of a number of awards and recognitions including the Trilateral Commission’s David Rockefeller Fellowship and the Atlantic Council’s Millennium Fellowship. In 2016 he was appointed by Esglobal as one of the 25 intellectuals having the greatest impact on our thinking about Iberoamerica. During the Spring term of 2017 Dr. Muñiz will teach a course titled Order and Chaos: Diplomacy and Force in a Changing World at Tuft University’s Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, which will examine the rise of populism and its geopolitical consequences.***