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"Over the past several decades we witness a shift toward national policies that encourage innovation and technological entrepreneurship. The call for more investment in entrepreneurship echoes around the globe as it becomes clear that except for a few countries, natural resources like oil and minerals are not enough to sustain economies while human ingenuity is indeed the most important, sustainable natural resource. And, yet there is another important reason for the need of technological entrepreneurship – aging populations in developed and developing countries. The average number of children per woman in developed countries is not enough to sustain and support economies unless means are taken to elevate the GDP per capita. Technological entrepreneurship is the long term solution.
So, is there hope for everybody on the globe to improve their lives? Can technological entrepreneurship be motivated and taught so that generations of determined entrepreneurs will build up thriving economies? The clear answer to both questions is yes and it all starts with education in general and scientific-technical education in particular"
Dan Shechtman - Distinguished Emeritus Prof. of Materials Science & Engineering, Technion Haifa Israel. Nobel Laureate Chemistry 2011
After receiving his doctorate, Prof. Shechtman was an NRC fellow at the Aerospace Research Laboratories at Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio, where he studied for three years. He focused his studies on the microstructure and physical metallurgy of titanium aluminides. In 1975, he joined the department of materials science & engineering at Technion. During this study he discovered the icosahedral phase which opened the new field of quasiperiodic crystals. He served on several Technion Senate Committees and headed one of them.Shechtman first published his discovery in 1984 but was met with widespread skepticism. Two-time Nobel Laureate Linus Pauling stated about Shechtman's discovery of quasi-crystals: “There is no such thing as quasi-crystals, only quasi-scientists." In 2011, the scientific world had finally come around. The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to him for his 1984 discovery.
From his Nobel Laureate bio:
Quasicrystals – or, as Shechtman would prefer, quasi-periodic materials – now have scientists thinking about a matter in a new light, but they also have many possible practical applications. Because of their uneven structure, quasicrystals do not have obvious cleavage planes, making them unusually hard. This makes them ideal for making fine but durable instruments. Their low electrical and heat conductivity could also see them used for insulation or even a new non-stick coating for cooking pans.